Prime Time Living - Page 26 - Arthritis from page 24

Prime Time Living
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Arthritis from page 24
What to know

According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases ( www.niams.nih ), part of the National Institutes of Health, “Arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Rheumatic diseases usually affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones and muscles.” Its website lists many of the diseases that fall under the umbrella of arthritis along with links to additional information. There you’ll find information on clinical trials and explanations of each condition. Below is a list of the more common types.

Other excellent resources include the American College of Rheumatology ( www.rheumatology.org ), which has a search page for a local rheumatologist, and the Arthritis Foundation ( www.arthritis.org ), filled with extensive information on all aspects of living with arthritis.

Ankylosing Spondylitis is arthritis that affects the spine, usually producing redness, heat, swelling and pain in the spine where it joins the pelvis.

Arthritis is joint inflammation and though it is a symptom rather than a diagnosis, the term is often used to refer to any disorder affecting the joints.

Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases: Arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Rheumatic diseases usually affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones and muscles.

Autoimmune Diseases occur when your immune cells attack your body by mistake. These diseases can affect almost any part of the body.

Autoinflammatory Diseases cause your immune cells to attack your body by mistake, and can cause fever, rash, joint swelling and more.

Behçet’s Disease is a chronic condition that causes mouth or genital sores, and inflammation in parts of the eye.

Bursitis is a common condition that causes swelling and pain around muscles and bones.

Giant Cell Arteritis causes arteries in the scalp and neck to become red, hot, swollen or painful. Arteries most affected are those in the temples.

Gout is a kind of arthritis that causes painful and stiff joints. Gout is caused by the build-up of crystals of uric acid in your joints.

Hip Replacement Surgery removes damaged or diseased parts of a hip joint and replaces them with new, man-made parts.

Joint Replacement Surgery removes damaged or diseased parts of a joint and replaces them with new, man-made parts.

Juvenile Arthritis is the term used to describe arthritis in children. Arthritis is caused by inflammation of the joints.

Knee Problems happen when you injure or develop disease in your knee and it can’t do its job.

Lupus happens when the body’s defense system attacks healthy cells and tissues, instead of viruses and bacteria. This can damage many parts of the body.

Osteoarthritis damages the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones, causing bones to rub together, producing pain, swelling and loss of motion.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica causes muscle pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulder and hip, and can be accompanied by fever, weakness and weight loss.

Psoriatic Arthritis can occur in people who have psoriasis (scaly red and white patches). It affects the joints and areas where tissues attach to bone.

Reactive Arthritis is caused by an infection and results in joint pain and swelling. You may also have red, swollen eyes and a swollen urinary tract.

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a disease that affects multiple joints, resulting in pain, swelling and stiffness. Tiredness and fever may also be present.

Scleroderma is a group of diseases causing patches of tight, hard skin. Some forms of scleroderma also damage your blood vessels and internal organs.

Shoulder Problems usually happen when soft tissues in the shoulder region break down. The various causes and symptoms depend on the type of shoulder problem.

Sjögren’s Syndrome is a disease that affects the glands that make moisture. It most often causes dryness in the mouth and eyes.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus) is a disease where the body’s defense system attacks healthy cells and tissues, causing damage to many parts of the body.

Tendinitis is swelling and pain in a joint usually caused by repeated injuries to a tendon, the part of the joint that connects muscles to bones. •